Assessing Students with Disabilities
The Every Student Succeeds Act ensures that parents’ and educators’ voices are part of decision-making at the federal, state, and local levels to support students with disabilities.
- ESSA maintains the requirement to disaggregate key data about student progress, key to ensuring students, including students with disabilities, receive the supports they need.
- The statute recognizes that the multidisciplinary individualized education program (IEP) team—which includes parents—is in the best position to make critical decisions regarding the students’ academic, assessment, and social emotional needs.
- Students must have access to appropriate accommodations, such as the ability to use assistive technology, for assessments.
- ESSA places a cap of one percent (1%) of the total number of all students in the state that can be assessed using alternative assessments aligned to alternative academic achievement standards for students with significant cognitive disabilities.
- The statutory language does not authorize a district-level cap on the administration of alternative assessments, but does require districts contributing to the state’s cap to submit information to the state to help the state justify its need to exceed such cap.
- If a state exceeds the cap, it must apply to the U.S. Department of Education for a waiver from ESSA’s provisions.
- The new law acknowledges the right of parents and guardians to opt their children out of statewide academic assessments where state and/or local policies allow them to do so.